zabbix配置nginx实现监控功能

本文主要介绍了zabbix配置nginx监控的实现,文中通过示例代码介绍的非常详细,对大家的学习或者工作具有一定的参考学习价值,需要的朋友们下面随着小编来一起学习学习吧!

案例:zabbix 配置 nginx 监控

1. 修改配置文件

stub_status 模块可参考: https://www.jb51.net/article/248979.htm

vim /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

 location /nginx_status {
stub_status;
}
说明:
	nginx_status	自定义字段,访问地址(例:192.168.169.131/nginx_status)
	stub_status		固定参数
	

# 重启 nginx
./nginx reload

zabbix配置nginx实现监控功能

zabbix配置nginx实现监控功能

浏览器访问状态说明:
		Active connections  Nginx正处理的活动链接数个数;重要

		server  Nginx启动到现在共处理了多少个连接。

		accepts Nginx启动到现在共成功创建几次握手。

		handled requestsNginx总共处理了几次请求。
	
		Reading Nginx读取到客户端的 Header 信息数。

		Writing Nginx返回给客户端的 Header 信息数。

		Waiting Nginx已经处理完正在等候下一次请求指令的驻留链接,开启。

		Keep-alive的情况下,Waiting这个值等于active-(reading + writing)。

		请求丢失数=(握手数-连接数)可以看出,本次状态显示没有丢失请求

zabbix配置nginx实现监控功能

2. 编写 nginx 监控脚本

#/bin/bash
#Description:Automated monitoring nginx performance and process nginx_status scripts

NGINX_PORT=80 
NGINX_COMMAND=$1

nginx_ping(){
/sbin/pidof nginx |wc -l
}

nginx_active(){
/usr/bin/curl -s "http://127.0.0.1:"$NGINX_PORT"/nginx_status/" |awk '/Active/ {print $NF}'
}

nginx_reading(){
/usr/bin/curl -s "http://127.0.0.1:"$NGINX_PORT"/nginx_status/" |awk '/Reading/ {print $2}'
}

nginx_writing(){
/usr/bin/curl -s "http://127.0.0.1:"$NGINX_PORT"/nginx_status/" |awk '/Writing/ {print $4}'
}

nginx_waiting(){
/usr/bin/curl -s "http://127.0.0.1:"$NGINX_PORT"/nginx_status/" |awk '/Waiting/ {print $6}'
}

nginx_accepts(){
/usr/bin/curl -s "http://127.0.0.1:"$NGINX_PORT"/nginx_status/" |awk 'NR==3 {print $1}'
}

nginx_handled(){
/usr/bin/curl -s "http://127.0.0.1:"$NGINX_PORT"/nginx_status/" |awk 'NR==3 {print $2}'
}

nginx_requests(){
/usr/bin/curl -s "http://127.0.0.1:"$NGINX_PORT"/nginx_status/" |awk 'NR==3 {print $3}'
}

case $NGINX_COMMAND in
ping)
nginx_ping
;;
active)
nginx_active
;;
reading)
nginx_reading
;;
writing)
nginx_writing
;;
waiting)
nginx_waiting
;;
accepts)
nginx_accepts
;;
handled)
nginx_handled
;;
requests)
nginx_requests
;;
*)
echo $"USAGE:$0 {ping|active|reading|writing|waiting|accepts|handled|requests}"
esac
# 修改文件权限
chmod u+x /etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.d/zabbix_nginx.sh

zabbix配置nginx实现监控功能

3. 修改 zabbix 配置文件

vim /etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.d/userparameter_mysql.conf

# 增加
UserParameter=nginx_status[*],/bin/bash /etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.d/zabbix_nginx.sh \$1
# 修改完成重启 zabbix-agent
systemctl restart zabbix-agent.service

4. 服务端验证

[root@zabbix ~]# zabbix_get -s 192.168.169.131 -k nginx_status[active]

5. 添加模块

模块名称:Template Nginx Web Status Monitor(自定义)

可见名称:NGINX STATUS MONITOR(自定义)

zabbix配置nginx实现监控功能

6. 创建应用集

名称:NGINX_STATUS

zabbix配置nginx实现监控功能

7. 创建监控项

名称:Nginx_Status_Ping

键值:nginx_status[ping]

zabbix配置nginx实现监控功能

zabbix配置nginx实现监控功能

8. 定义触发器

超过50个并发连接就执行报警

zabbix配置nginx实现监控功能

nginx 服务down了执行报警

zabbix配置nginx实现监控功能

9. 关联主机

将需要监控的主机添加上此模板

zabbix配置nginx实现监控功能

10. nginx 模板文件

zbx_export_templates.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<zabbix_export>
<version>4.0</version>
<date>2022-05-21T12:29:43Z</date>
<groups>
<group>
<name>Linux servers</name>
</group>
</groups>
<templates>
<template>
<template>Template Nginx Web Status Monitor</template>
<name>NGINX STATUS MONITOR</name>
<description/>
<groups>
<group>
<name>Linux servers</name>
</group>
</groups>
<applications>
<application>
<name>NGINX_STATUS</name>
</application>
</applications>
<items>
<item>
<name>Nginx_Status_accepts</name>
<type>0</type>
<snmp_community/>
<snmp_oid/>
<key>nginx_status[accepts]</key>
<delay>30s</delay>
<history>90d</history>
<trends>365d</trends>
<status>0</status>
<value_type>3</value_type>
<allowed_hosts/>
<units/>
<snmpv3_contextname/>
<snmpv3_securityname/>
<snmpv3_securitylevel>0</snmpv3_securitylevel>
<snmpv3_authprotocol>0</snmpv3_authprotocol>
<snmpv3_authpassphrase/>
<snmpv3_privprotocol>0</snmpv3_privprotocol>
<snmpv3_privpassphrase/>
<params/>
<ipmi_sensor/>
<authtype>0</authtype>
<username/>
<password/>
<publickey/>
<privatekey/>
<port/>
<description/>
<inventory_link>0</inventory_link>
<applications>
<application>
<name>NGINX_STATUS</name>
</application>
</applications>
<valuemap/>
<logtimefmt/>
<preprocessing/>
<jmx_endpoint/>
<timeout>3s</timeout>
<url/>
<query_fields/>
<posts/>
<status_codes>200</status_codes>
<follow_redirects>1</follow_redirects>
<post_type>0</post_type>
<http_proxy/>
<headers/>
<retrieve_mode>0</retrieve_mode>
<request_method>0</request_method>
<output_format>0</output_format>
<allow_traps>0</allow_traps>
<ssl_cert_file/>
<ssl_key_file/>
<ssl_key_password/>
<verify_peer>0</verify_peer>
<verify_host>0</verify_host>
<master_item/>
</item>
<item>
<name>Nginx_Status_active</name>
<type>0</type>
<snmp_community/>
<snmp_oid/>
<key>nginx_status[active]</key>
<delay>30s</delay>
<history>90d</history>
<trends>365d</trends>
<status>0</status>
<value_type>3</value_type>
<allowed_hosts/>
<units/>
<snmpv3_contextname/>
<snmpv3_securityname/>
<snmpv3_securitylevel>0</snmpv3_securitylevel>
<snmpv3_authprotocol>0</snmpv3_authprotocol>
<snmpv3_authpassphrase/>
<snmpv3_privprotocol>0</snmpv3_privprotocol>
<snmpv3_privpassphrase/>
<params/>
<ipmi_sensor/>
<authtype>0</authtype>
<username/>
<password/>
<publickey/>
<privatekey/>
<port/>
<description/>
<inventory_link>0</inventory_link>
<applications>
<application>
<name>NGINX_STATUS</name>
</application>
</applications>
<valuemap/>
<logtimefmt/>
<preprocessing/>
<jmx_endpoint/>
<timeout>3s</timeout>
<url/>
<query_fields/>
<posts/>
<status_codes>200</status_codes>
<follow_redirects>1</follow_redirects>
<post_type>0</post_type>
<http_proxy/>
<headers/>
<retrieve_mode>0</retrieve_mode>
<request_method>0</request_method>
<output_format>0</output_format>
<allow_traps>0</allow_traps>
<ssl_cert_file/>
<ssl_key_file/>
<ssl_key_password/>
<verify_peer>0</verify_peer>
<verify_host>0</verify_host>
<master_item/>
</item>
<item>
<name>Nginx_Status_handled</name>
<type>0</type>
<snmp_community/>
<snmp_oid/>
<key>nginx_status[handled]</key>
<delay>30s</delay>
<history>90d</history>
<trends>365d</trends>
<status>0</status>
<value_type>3</value_type>
<allowed_hosts/>
<units/>
<snmpv3_contextname/>
<snmpv3_securityname/>
<snmpv3_securitylevel>0</snmpv3_securitylevel>
<snmpv3_authprotocol>0</snmpv3_authprotocol>
<snmpv3_authpassphrase/>
<snmpv3_privprotocol>0</snmpv3_privprotocol>
<snmpv3_privpassphrase/>
<params/>
<ipmi_sensor/>
<authtype>0</authtype>
<username/>
<password/>
<publickey/>
<privatekey/>
<port/>
<description/>
<inventory_link>0</inventory_link>
<applications>
<application>
<name>NGINX_STATUS</name>
</application>
</applications>
<valuemap/>
<logtimefmt/>
<preprocessing/>
<jmx_endpoint/>
<timeout>3s</timeout>
<url/>
<query_fields/>
<posts/>
<status_codes>200</status_codes>
<follow_redirects>1</follow_redirects>
<post_type>0</post_type>
<http_proxy/>
<headers/>
<retrieve_mode>0</retrieve_mode>
<request_method>0</request_method>
<output_format>0</output_format>
<allow_traps>0</allow_traps>
<ssl_cert_file/>
<ssl_key_file/>
<ssl_key_password/>
<verify_peer>0</verify_peer>
<verify_host>0</verify_host>
<master_item/>
</item>
<item>
<name>Nginx_Status_Ping</name>
<type>0</type>
<snmp_community/>
<snmp_oid/>
<key>nginx_status[ping]</key>
<delay>30s</delay>
<history>90d</history>
<trends>365d</trends>
<status>0</status>
<value_type>3</value_type>
<allowed_hosts/>
<units/>
<snmpv3_contextname/>
<snmpv3_securityname/>
<snmpv3_securitylevel>0</snmpv3_securitylevel>
<snmpv3_authprotocol>0</snmpv3_authprotocol>
<snmpv3_authpassphrase/>
<snmpv3_privprotocol>0</snmpv3_privprotocol>
<snmpv3_privpassphrase/>
<params/>
<ipmi_sensor/>
<authtype>0</authtype>
<username/>
<password/>
<publickey/>
<privatekey/>
<port/>
<description/>
<inventory_link>0</inventory_link>
<applications>
<application>
<name>NGINX_STATUS</name>
</application>
</applications>
<valuemap/>
<logtimefmt/>
<preprocessing/>
<jmx_endpoint/>
<timeout>3s</timeout>
<url/>
<query_fields/>
<posts/>
<status_codes>200</status_codes>
<follow_redirects>1</follow_redirects>
<post_type>0</post_type>
<http_proxy/>
<headers/>
<retrieve_mode>0</retrieve_mode>
<request_method>0</request_method>
<output_format>0</output_format>
<allow_traps>0</allow_traps>
<ssl_cert_file/>
<ssl_key_file/>
<ssl_key_password/>
<verify_peer>0</verify_peer>
<verify_host>0</verify_host>
<master_item/>
</item>
<item>
<name>Nginx_Status_reading</name>
<type>0</type>
<snmp_community/>
<snmp_oid/>
<key>nginx_status[reading]</key>
<delay>30s</delay>
<history>90d</history>
<trends>365d</trends>
<status>0</status>
<value_type>3</value_type>
<allowed_hosts/>
<units/>
<snmpv3_contextname/>
<snmpv3_securityname/>
<snmpv3_securitylevel>0</snmpv3_securitylevel>
<snmpv3_authprotocol>0</snmpv3_authprotocol>
<snmpv3_authpassphrase/>
<snmpv3_privprotocol>0</snmpv3_privprotocol>
<snmpv3_privpassphrase/>
<params/>
<ipmi_sensor/>
<authtype>0</authtype>
<username/>
<password/>
<publickey/>
<privatekey/>
<port/>
<description/>
<inventory_link>0</inventory_link>
<applications>
<application>
<name>NGINX_STATUS</name>
</application>
</applications>
<valuemap/>
<logtimefmt/>
<preprocessing/>
<jmx_endpoint/>
<timeout>3s</timeout>
<url/>
<query_fields/>
<posts/>
<status_codes>200</status_codes>
<follow_redirects>1</follow_redirects>
<post_type>0</post_type>
<http_proxy/>
<headers/>
<retrieve_mode>0</retrieve_mode>
<request_method>0</request_method>
<output_format>0</output_format>
<allow_traps>0</allow_traps>
<ssl_cert_file/>
<ssl_key_file/>
<ssl_key_password/>
<verify_peer>0</verify_peer>
<verify_host>0</verify_host>
<master_item/>
</item>
<item>
<name>Nginx_Status_requests</name>
<type>0</type>
<snmp_community/>
<snmp_oid/>
<key>nginx_status[requests]</key>
<delay>30s</delay>
<history>90d</history>
<trends>365d</trends>
<status>0</status>
<value_type>3</value_type>
<allowed_hosts/>
<units/>
<snmpv3_contextname/>
<snmpv3_securityname/>
<snmpv3_securitylevel>0</snmpv3_securitylevel>
<snmpv3_authprotocol>0</snmpv3_authprotocol>
<snmpv3_authpassphrase/>
<snmpv3_privprotocol>0</snmpv3_privprotocol>
<snmpv3_privpassphrase/>
<params/>
<ipmi_sensor/>
<authtype>0</authtype>
<username/>
<password/>
<publickey/>
<privatekey/>
<port/>
<description/>
<inventory_link>0</inventory_link>
<applications>
<application>
<name>NGINX_STATUS</name>
</application>
</applications>
<valuemap/>
<logtimefmt/>
<preprocessing/>
<jmx_endpoint/>
<timeout>3s</timeout>
<url/>
<query_fields/>
<posts/>
<status_codes>200</status_codes>
<follow_redirects>1</follow_redirects>
<post_type>0</post_type>
<http_proxy/>
<headers/>
<retrieve_mode>0</retrieve_mode>
<request_method>0</request_method>
<output_format>0</output_format>
<allow_traps>0</allow_traps>
<ssl_cert_file/>
<ssl_key_file/>
<ssl_key_password/>
<verify_peer>0</verify_peer>
<verify_host>0</verify_host>
<master_item/>
</item>
<item>
<name>Nginx_Status_waiting</name>
<type>0</type>
<snmp_community/>
<snmp_oid/>
<key>nginx_status[waiting]</key>
<delay>30s</delay>
<history>90d</history>
<trends>365d</trends>
<status>0</status>
<value_type>3</value_type>
<allowed_hosts/>
<units/>
<snmpv3_contextname/>
<snmpv3_securityname/>
<snmpv3_securitylevel>0</snmpv3_securitylevel>
<snmpv3_authprotocol>0</snmpv3_authprotocol>
<snmpv3_authpassphrase/>
<snmpv3_privprotocol>0</snmpv3_privprotocol>
<snmpv3_privpassphrase/>
<params/>
<ipmi_sensor/>
<authtype>0</authtype>
<username/>
<password/>
<publickey/>
<privatekey/>
<port/>
<description/>
<inventory_link>0</inventory_link>
<applications>
<application>
<name>NGINX_STATUS</name>
</application>
</applications>
<valuemap/>
<logtimefmt/>
<preprocessing/>
<jmx_endpoint/>
<timeout>3s</timeout>
<url/>
<query_fields/>
<posts/>
<status_codes>200</status_codes>
<follow_redirects>1</follow_redirects>
<post_type>0</post_type>
<http_proxy/>
<headers/>
<retrieve_mode>0</retrieve_mode>
<request_method>0</request_method>
<output_format>0</output_format>
<allow_traps>0</allow_traps>
<ssl_cert_file/>
<ssl_key_file/>
<ssl_key_password/>
<verify_peer>0</verify_peer>
<verify_host>0</verify_host>
<master_item/>
</item>
<item>
<name>Nginx_Status_writing</name>
<type>0</type>
<snmp_community/>
<snmp_oid/>
<key>nginx_status[writing]</key>
<delay>30s</delay>
<history>90d</history>
<trends>365d</trends>
<status>0</status>
<value_type>3</value_type>
<allowed_hosts/>
<units/>
<snmpv3_contextname/>
<snmpv3_securityname/>
<snmpv3_securitylevel>0</snmpv3_securitylevel>
<snmpv3_authprotocol>0</snmpv3_authprotocol>
<snmpv3_authpassphrase/>
<snmpv3_privprotocol>0</snmpv3_privprotocol>
<snmpv3_privpassphrase/>
<params/>
<ipmi_sensor/>
<authtype>0</authtype>
<username/>
<password/>
<publickey/>
<privatekey/>
<port/>
<description/>
<inventory_link>0</inventory_link>
<applications>
<application>
<name>NGINX_STATUS</name>
</application>
</applications>
<valuemap/>
<logtimefmt/>
<preprocessing/>
<jmx_endpoint/>
<timeout>3s</timeout>
<url/>
<query_fields/>
<posts/>
<status_codes>200</status_codes>
<follow_redirects>1</follow_redirects>
<post_type>0</post_type>
<http_proxy/>
<headers/>
<retrieve_mode>0</retrieve_mode>
<request_method>0</request_method>
<output_format>0</output_format>
<allow_traps>0</allow_traps>
<ssl_cert_file/>
<ssl_key_file/>
<ssl_key_password/>
<verify_peer>0</verify_peer>
<verify_host>0</verify_host>
<master_item/>
</item>
</items>
<discovery_rules/>
<httptests/>
<macros/>
<templates/>
<screens/>
</template>
</templates>
<triggers>
<trigger>
<expression>{Template Nginx Web Status Monitor:nginx_status[active].last()}&gt;50</expression>
<recovery_mode>0</recovery_mode>
<recovery_expression/>
<name>Excessive number of active links in nginx</name>
<correlation_mode>0</correlation_mode>
<correlation_tag/>
<url/>
<status>0</status>
<priority>4</priority>
<description/>
<type>0</type>
<manual_close>0</manual_close>
<dependencies/>
<tags/>
</trigger>
<trigger>
<expression>{Template Nginx Web Status Monitor:nginx_status[ping].last()}=0</expression>
<recovery_mode>0</recovery_mode>
<recovery_expression/>
<name>Nginx down on {HOST.NAME}</name>
<correlation_mode>0</correlation_mode>
<correlation_tag/>
<url/>
<status>0</status>
<priority>4</priority>
<description/>
<type>0</type>
<manual_close>0</manual_close>
<dependencies/>
<tags/>
</trigger>
</triggers>
<graphs>
<graph>
<name>Nginx_Status</name>
<width>900</width>
<height>200</height>
<yaxismin>0.0000</yaxismin>
<yaxismax>100.0000</yaxismax>
<show_work_period>1</show_work_period>
<show_triggers>1</show_triggers>
<type>0</type>
<show_legend>1</show_legend>
<show_3d>0</show_3d>
<percent_left>0.0000</percent_left>
<percent_right>0.0000</percent_right>
<ymin_type_1>0</ymin_type_1>
<ymax_type_1>0</ymax_type_1>
<ymin_item_1>0</ymin_item_1>
<ymax_item_1>0</ymax_item_1>
<graph_items>
<graph_item>
<sortorder>1</sortorder>
<drawtype>0</drawtype>
<color>1A7C11</color>
<yaxisside>0</yaxisside>
<calc_fnc>2</calc_fnc>
<type>0</type>
<item>
<host>Template Nginx Web Status Monitor</host>
<key>nginx_status[accepts]</key>
</item>
</graph_item>
<graph_item>
<sortorder>2</sortorder>
<drawtype>0</drawtype>
<color>F63100</color>
<yaxisside>0</yaxisside>
<calc_fnc>2</calc_fnc>
<type>0</type>
<item>
<host>Template Nginx Web Status Monitor</host>
<key>nginx_status[active]</key>
</item>
</graph_item>
<graph_item>
<sortorder>3</sortorder>
<drawtype>0</drawtype>
<color>2774A4</color>
<yaxisside>0</yaxisside>
<calc_fnc>2</calc_fnc>
<type>0</type>
<item>
<host>Template Nginx Web Status Monitor</host>
<key>nginx_status[handled]</key>
</item>
</graph_item>
<graph_item>
<sortorder>4</sortorder>
<drawtype>0</drawtype>
<color>A54F10</color>
<yaxisside>0</yaxisside>
<calc_fnc>2</calc_fnc>
<type>0</type>
<item>
<host>Template Nginx Web Status Monitor</host>
<key>nginx_status[ping]</key>
</item>
</graph_item>
<graph_item>
<sortorder>5</sortorder>
<drawtype>0</drawtype>
<color>FC6EA3</color>
<yaxisside>0</yaxisside>
<calc_fnc>2</calc_fnc>
<type>0</type>
<item>
<host>Template Nginx Web Status Monitor</host>
<key>nginx_status[reading]</key>
</item>
</graph_item>
<graph_item>
<sortorder>6</sortorder>
<drawtype>0</drawtype>
<color>6C59DC</color>
<yaxisside>0</yaxisside>
<calc_fnc>2</calc_fnc>
<type>0</type>
<item>
<host>Template Nginx Web Status Monitor</host>
<key>nginx_status[requests]</key>
</item>
</graph_item>
<graph_item>
<sortorder>7</sortorder>
<drawtype>0</drawtype>
<color>AC8C14</color>
<yaxisside>0</yaxisside>
<calc_fnc>2</calc_fnc>
<type>0</type>
<item>
<host>Template Nginx Web Status Monitor</host>
<key>nginx_status[waiting]</key>
</item>
</graph_item>
<graph_item>
<sortorder>8</sortorder>
<drawtype>0</drawtype>
<color>611F27</color>
<yaxisside>0</yaxisside>
<calc_fnc>2</calc_fnc>
<type>0</type>
<item>
<host>Template Nginx Web Status Monitor</host>
<key>nginx_status[writing]</key>
</item>
</graph_item>
</graph_items>
</graph>
</graphs>
</zabbix_export>

到此这篇关于zabbix配置nginx监控的实现的文章就介绍到这了!